This book provides a historical overview of Peru under the Bourbon monarchy between 1750 and 1824. It examines Spanish imperial policies towards Spanish America in the Bourbon period under viceroy José Antonio Manso de Velasco, Conde de Superunda (1745–1761). The book discusses the impact of such policies upon Peru in terms of both government in the viceregal capital and local provincial administration. It also considers defence and military reorganisation, the role of the Catholic Church in the governmental structures of the viceroyalty, and the creoles' use of fidelismo over separation from metropolitan control as a means to restore the viceroyalty's pre-eminence in South America in general and to preserve the privileged position within the viceroyalty of españoles in particular. Moreover, the book assesses Peru's economic development in the late-Bourbon era, with some emphasis upon the mining, manufacturing, agricultural, and commercial sectors, before concluding with a discussion of the factors that led to the declaration of the independence of Peru from Spain by Jose de San Martín in Lima in 1821 and the establishment of the new republic in 1824.
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