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Bourbon Peru 1750-1824$
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John Fisher

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239086

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312687

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Government, Defence and the Church

Government, Defence and the Church

(p.26) Chapter Two Government, Defence and the Church
Bourbon Peru 1750-1824
Liverpool University Press

This chapter looks at Spain's imperial policies towards Spanish America under the Bourbon monarchy and their impact upon Peru in terms of both government in the viceregal capital and local administration in provinces. In particular, it examines defence and military reorganisation, arguing that structures designed mainly to protect the viceroyalty from the often imagined threat of foreign attack were employed increasingly to preserve order within Peru. These strategies were used in the face of endemic rural violence, ethnic resistance to the exploitation of the indigenous peoples, and nascent anti-peninsular conspiracies. The chapter also considers the role of the Catholic Church in the governmental structures of the viceroyalty and shows that the viceroyalty of Peru experienced a major upheaval in its government and administration during the reign of Spain's third Bourbon king, Charles III, particularly in the period 1776–1784.

Keywords:   Spain, imperial policies, Spanish America, Bourbon monarchy, Peru, defence, military reorganisation, Catholic Church, viceroyalty, Charles III

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