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Bourbon Peru 1750-1824$
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John Fisher

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239086

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312687

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Royalism, Patriotism and Independence

Royalism, Patriotism and Independence

(p.106) Chapter Six Royalism, Patriotism and Independence
Bourbon Peru 1750-1824
Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines the factors that led to the declaration of Peru's independence by Jose de San Martín in Lima in 1821 and the subsequent establishment of the new republic in 1824 following the triumph of patriotism over royalism. It looks at the history of Peru between the collapse of metropolitan authority in 1810 and the patriots' victory at Ayacucho in 1824, the pre-1810 movements and conspiracies, and the more significant manifestations of insurgency in Peru in the second decade of the nineteenth century. The chapter argues that most of the country's creoles did not fight for independence, but instead resorted to fidelismo – the insistence upon the maintenance of Peru's subordinate relationship with metropolitan Spain – in order to preserve their privileged position within the viceroyalty of españoles as well as restore the viceroyalty's pre-eminence in South America.

Keywords:   Peru, independence, de San Martín, royalism, patriotism, Ayacucho, conspiracies, insurgency, creoles, fidelismo

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