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Bourbon Peru 1750-1824$
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John Fisher

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239086

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312687

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Conclusion and Epilogue: The Bourbon Legacy

Conclusion and Epilogue: The Bourbon Legacy

(p.138) Chapter Seven Conclusion and Epilogue: The Bourbon Legacy
Bourbon Peru 1750-1824
Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines whether Peru's independence from Spain in 1824 was a significant achievement in its history or just a minor development in its political superstructure. The battle between royalists and patriots in 1824 at Ayacucho finally put an end to the struggle for South American independence that had begun fifteen years earlier with the installation of creole juntas in La Paz and Chuquisaca. The peninsulares and some prominent creoles went to Spain, paving the way for the new republic's native entrepreneurs to assume an unprecedented degree of authority in economy and politics. However, there was little change in Lima's physical appearance, with its magnificent Bourbon buildings, in the early republican period. Individuals such as Pablo de Mar y Tapia were in a dilemma of whether to make do with socio-economic gains at the expense of the Indians, after colonial legislation protecting their community resources had been discarded, or also seek political power.

Keywords:   Peru, independence, Spain, peninsulares, creoles, politics, entrepreneurs, Mar y Tapia, Indians, economy

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