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Breeding SupermanNietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain$
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Dan Stone

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239871

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312694

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Oscar Levy: A Nietzschean Vision

Oscar Levy: A Nietzschean Vision

Chapter:
(p.12) Chapter One Oscar Levy: A Nietzschean Vision
Source:
Breeding Superman
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780853239871.003.0002

This chapter examines how Oscar Levy was drawn to Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche and his work on race and eugenics in Britain. Levy edited the first complete English edition of Nietzsche's Collected Works (1909–1913) and drove forward the reception of Nietzsche in Britain. He also played a major role in the intellectual development of a whole ‘school’ of thinkers, centred mainly around A. R. Orage, the editor of New Age, an avant-garde weekly journal. Many of Levy's ideas led him into the arms of some of Britain's most eccentric extremists, including George Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers. Levy was drawn to the theory of degeneration and exerted an influence on Anthony Mario Ludovici, with whom he shared a common interpretation of Nietzsche. But while Levy stressed the role of moral ideas, Ludovici placed more emphasis on breeding and race. The chapter also discusses Levy's ideas about Christianity and Judaism, slave morality, civilisation, fascism, and Nazism.

Keywords:   Oscar Levy, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, race, eugenics, Britain, George Pitt-Rivers, Anthony Mario Ludovici, Christianity, civilisation, fascism

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