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Breeding SupermanNietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain$
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Dan Stone

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239871

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312694

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Anthony Mario Ludovici: A ‘Light-Weight Superman’

Anthony Mario Ludovici: A ‘Light-Weight Superman’

(p.33) Chapter Two Anthony Mario Ludovici: A ‘Light-Weight Superman’
Breeding Superman
Liverpool University Press

Anthony Mario Ludovici was one of the translators of Oscar Levy's first English edition of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche's works, and also wrote books that interpreted Nietzsche's ideas, particularly those related to art. In 1915, he published A Defence of Aristocracy: A Textbook for Tories, his first major work not devoted exclusively to Nietzsche. This chapter examines the writings and ideology of Ludovici as well as his views on anti-liberalism, anti-feminism, birth control, monarchism, antisemitism, and aristocratic conservatism. It discusses the relevance of Ludovici's ideas to the historiography of British fascism, along with his early work on aristocracy and degeneration. Finally, the chapter places Ludovici in the context of the complex interplay of ideas in the Edwardian and interwar periods, an interplay that links Nietzscheanism with race and eugenics.

Keywords:   Anthony Mario Ludovici, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, fascism, aristocracy, degeneration, race, eugenics, anti-liberalism, anti-feminism, birth control

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