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Breeding SupermanNietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain$
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Dan Stone

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239871

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312694

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Nietzsche and Eugenics

Nietzsche and Eugenics

(p.62) Chapter Three Nietzsche and Eugenics
Breeding Superman
Liverpool University Press

In the early part of the twentieth century, interpretations of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, in combination with the new science of eugenics, represented an influential attempt to formulate a new code of morals. In his book on Nietzsche, George Chatterton-Hill argued that Nietzsche's masters and slaves constituted two separate races: the masters representing an aristocracy; and the slaves representing degenerates. Chatterton-Hill typified early Nietzschean interpretations, which concurred with widespread theories of social degeneration that emerged in the Edwardian period in the face of the rise of organised labour, feminism, technologisation, urbanisation, and imperial decline. Aside from Chatterton-Hill, other Nietzscheans include Oscar Levy and Anthony Mario Ludovici. This chapter discusses the connections between interpretations of Nietzsche and the eugenics movement in Britain in the first decades of the twentieth century, examining in particular what the exponents of the two movements actually said.

Keywords:   Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, eugenics, slaves, masters, George Chatterton-Hill, aristocracy, degeneration, Britain, Oscar Levy, Anthony Mario Ludovici

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