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Catholicism, Politics and Society in Twentieth-Century France$
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Kay Chadwick

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239741

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312779

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Antisémitisme des catholiques au vingtième siècle: de la revendication au refus

Antisémitisme des catholiques au vingtième siècle: de la revendication au refus

(p.26) 2 Antisémitisme des catholiques au vingtième siècle: de la revendication au refus
Catholicism, Politics and Society in Twentieth-Century France

Danielle Delmaire

Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines the shift towards dialogue and understanding with respect to the Catholic Church and the Jewish question in twentieth-century France. It considers the prevailing anti-Semitism among French Catholics at the end of the nineteenth century, as the Dreyfus Affair illustrates, and how the relations between Catholics and Jews experienced a difficult progression hampered by long-standing popular prejudices and a series of acutely sensitive events. The chapter also discusses further problematic issues raised by World War II for Catholics and the Church. In particular, it looks at the hierarchy's response to the Vichy regime's anti-Jewish legislation, along with other contentious issues such as the affaire Finaly, which revitalised the thorny issue of conversion, and the affaire Touvier. The chapter also points out other more positive events, including the creation of pro-active Christian/Catholic–Jewish groups and Vatican II's removal of anti-Jewish phraseology from Catholic prayers.

Keywords:   anti-Semitism, Catholic Church, Catholics, Jews, World War II, affaire Finaly, conversion, affaire Touvier, Vatican II, France

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