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Catholicism, Politics and Society in Twentieth-Century France$
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Kay Chadwick

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239741

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312779

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 14 October 2019

Ralliés and résistants: Catholics in Vichy France, 1940–441

Ralliés and résistants: Catholics in Vichy France, 1940–441

Chapter:
(p.97) 5 Ralliés and résistants: Catholics in Vichy France, 1940–441
Source:
Catholicism, Politics and Society in Twentieth-Century France
Author(s):

Nicholas Atkin

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780853239741.003.0006

This chapter examines the support of Catholics to the Vichy regime in France during the period 1940–1944. It first considers Vichy's appeal for French Catholics and the Catholic Church, particularly its programme with its slogan travail, famille, patrie that placed emphasis on an ordered society based on traditional and stable family, property, and gender roles. This programme was embraced by a majority of bishops, who acknowledged Vichy as the legitimate power and viewed Marshal Pétain as France's providential man. These bishops, along with most ordinary Catholics, believed that Vichy would enable a spiritual revival and a reconversion of France to Catholicism. The chapter looks at the decline of Catholic influence at Vichy, paying particular attention to the Church's failure to obtain the ultimate concession to which it aspired since no definitive religious settlement was offered by Vichy.

Keywords:   family, Catholics, Vichy regime, France, Catholic Church, property, gender, bishops, Marshal Pétain, Catholicism

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