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Child Welfare and Social Action in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: International Perspectives$
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Jon Lawrence and Pat Starkey

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780853236764

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312816

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Child Rescue: The Emigration of an Idea

Child Rescue: The Emigration of an Idea

(p.101) 5 Child Rescue: The Emigration of an Idea
Child Welfare and Social Action in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: International Perspectives

Shurlee Swain

Liverpool University Press

This chapter describes the debate about the removal of children from their parents, whether migrant children from the Old Country or Aboriginal children wrested from their parents in order to provide them an ‘improved’ lifestyle, within a discourse that presented the parent as the enemy of the child. The child-rescue or child-saving movement had its origins in industrial Britain. The child-saving gospel spread quickly in the Australian colonies. The removal of Aboriginal children commenced with the arrival of Europeans. Aboriginal child removal was condemned as a form of genocide and apologies and reparation were called for. Concerns about child migration are elaborated in detail. The child rescue philosophy established children as recipients of charity, objects of mission to have good works done to them, to be traded or given away, or employed for the good of the nation/parent.

Keywords:   child rescue, migrant children, Old Country, Aboriginal, child-saving movement, Britain, child migration

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