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Child Welfare and Social Action in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: International Perspectives$
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Jon Lawrence and Pat Starkey

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780853236764

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312816

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Changing Childhoods: Child Emigration since 1945

Changing Childhoods: Child Emigration since 1945

(p.121) 6 Changing Childhoods: Child Emigration since 1945
Child Welfare and Social Action in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: International Perspectives

Kathleen Paul

Liverpool University Press

This chapter describes the imperial ambitions, focusing on the complex links between British central and local government, the government of Australia, and voluntary societies in the period after the Second World War. It investigates the reasons behind the policy's origin and decline. The Council of Voluntary Organisations for Child Emigration was one of the most important developments in post-war child emigration, and tried to control perceptions of child migration. Despite their best efforts, Council representatives failed to win the local authorities over to the idea of child emigration. The Fact Finding Mission reported the conditions for British emigrant children in Australia. The Commonwealth Relations Office highlighted that child emigration had reduced since the publication of the 1956 Mission's report. It is revealed that by the 1950s, voluntary societies were finding it increasingly difficult to summon enough enthusiasm among their charges to make up a feasible party.

Keywords:   child emigration, Australia, voluntary societies, Second World War, Fact Finding Mission, British emigrant children, Commonwealth Relations Office

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