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Culture, Conflict and MigrationThe Irish in Victorian Cumbria$
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Donald M. MacRaild

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780853236528

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312892

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 14 June 2021

The emergence and identity of Orangeism

The emergence and identity of Orangeism

(p.137) Chapter 5 The emergence and identity of Orangeism
Culture, Conflict and Migration
Liverpool University Press

This chapter investigates the Catholic and Irish national cultures by exploring the antithetical history of Orangeism in Cumbria, concentrating on the re-birth that occurred in the region after 1870. The Orange Order was fundamental in creating popular violence both common and serious, and was also one of the largest and most obvious single expressions of national identity in the mid- to late-Victorian period. There was an active middle-class element connected with the Orange Order. The Orange Order and Orangeism were significantly different. Orangeism was striking in traditional Tory areas as the movement provided a vehicle for reining and determining a developing working-class vote into something solidly Tory. Furthermore, the thought that Orangeism was libertarian invoked dismay among indigenous liberal onlookers.

Keywords:   national cultures, Orangeism, Cumbria, Orange Order, violence, national identity

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