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Culture, Conflict and MigrationThe Irish in Victorian Cumbria$
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Donald M. MacRaild

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780853236528

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312892

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(p.203) Conclusions
Culture, Conflict and Migration
Liverpool University Press

This study has aimed to significantly improve the understanding of Irish migration. It has shown the patterns of settlement and communal development outside the principal receptacles of Irish migrants, such as Liverpool, Manchester, and Glasgow. The book has also shown that the Irish in Cumbria were solidly working-class, and were divided by the new arrivals of other nationalities while they were over-represented in the poorest living conditions. Furthermore, the local politics was affected by Orangeism, while Liberal and then Labour candidates who did not verbalise for the Home Rule cause were assured of a tempestuous path. In general, the data addressing the settlement, socio-economic, and communal life of an overwhelmingly Ulster Irish population clearly exhibited that simple linear models of assimilation or integration are inadequate.

Keywords:   Irish migration, settlement, Irish migrants, Liverpool, Manchester, Glasgow, Cumbria, Orangeism, Ulster Irish

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