Algal blooms have increased in many freshwater lakes and ponds and in slow-moving water such as canals and rivers. The problem of excess algae is attributed to eutrophication, which is the increase of nutrients, mainly phosphorus and nitrogen compounds in aquatic ecosystems. The excess nutrients allow the rapid growth of algae and aquatic plants. This chapter discusses freshwater eutrophication and the problems it causes in lakes and rivers. It also includes a case history of Strathclyde Park Loch, a eutrophic lake in South Lanarkshire, Scotland.
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