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Environmental Pollution Studies$
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Gerry Best

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239239

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313035

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 21 January 2020

Air pollution

Air pollution

Chapter:
(p.86) 9. Air pollution
Source:
Environmental Pollution Studies
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780853239239.003.0009

The emission of gases such as carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), hydrocarbons (HCs) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) into the air can cause undesirable health effects. These gases interact to form ozone, which can cause breathing difficulties and asthma. This chapter discusses the laws implemented by governments to prevent air pollution. The Clean Air Act of 1956 regulated the height of chimneys and introduced a new concept of ‘smoke control areas’. Governments also banned the use of tetraethyl lead (TEL) in petrol or made leaded petrol more expensive.

Keywords:   carbon monoxide, nitrogen, hydrocarbons, sulphur dioxide, air pollution, Clean Air Act of 1956, tetraethyl lead, petrol, leaded petrol

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