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Europe or Africa?A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla$
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Peter Gold

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239857

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313066

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Gibraltar and the Enclaves

Gibraltar and the Enclaves

Chapter:
(p.158) Seven Gibraltar and the Enclaves
Source:
Europe or Africa?
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780853239857.003.0007

This chapter considers the parallels and contrasts between the Spanish enclaves in North Africa and the British-dependent territory of Gibraltar. Just as Morocco wants Spain to transfer the sovereignty of Ceuta and Melilla, Spain has been pressing for the reintegration of Gibraltar into Spanish territory. One major difference between Gibraltar and the enclaves is that demographic changes are minimal in the former but potentially significant in the latter. Although the origins of Gibraltarians may be diverse, the population has set its mind firmly against becoming part of Spain. By contrast, not only has there been an influx of Moroccans into the enclaves during the past century, but the birth rate of those Muslim Spaniards now living there is much higher than that of the cristiano population. There may come a day when the Muslim population is in the majority, and while there is no incentive for them to want to become part of Morocco so long as there remains a significant disparity in the standard of living between Morocco and the enclaves, the situation could change if and when that differential is sufficiently narrowed.

Keywords:   Ceuta, Melilla, Spain, Britain, sovereignty, Morocco, demographic changes, Muslim Spaniards

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