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Exile and Post-1946 Haitian LiteratureAlexis, Depestre, Ollivier, Laferriere, Danticat$
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Martin Munro

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310799

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313080

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Émile Ollivier Passing Through

Émile Ollivier Passing Through

(p.141) Chapter Three Émile Ollivier Passing Through
Exile and Post-1946 Haitian Literature
Liverpool University Press

This chapter first contextualizes Émile Ollivier by analyzing poetry by Anthony Phelps, René Philoctète and Roland Morisseau. It then discusses Ollivier's prize-winning 1991 novel Passages, a work that presents a singularly wide range of Haitian experiences of exile. Ollivier presents the wretched situation of the boat people, and touches upon the solitude of individual Haitian exiles who live largely anonymous, often banal lives in North America. There is little sense of collective, diasporic identity in Passages, only a debilitating feeling of isolation for the Haitian exiles who inhabit the ambivalently presented ‘new Haitian spaces’ of Montreal and Miami. Drawing on Marc Augé's work on the city, the chapter argues that Ollivier ultimately presents these North American metropoles as ‘non-places’, exilic locales where it is impossible for the displaced Haitian to ever truly enracinate.

Keywords:   Anthony Phelps, René Philoctète, Roland Morisseau, Passages, Haitian exiles, diaspora, North America

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