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Exile and Post-1946 Haitian LiteratureAlexis, Depestre, Ollivier, Laferriere, Danticat$
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Martin Munro

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310799

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313080

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Dany Laferrière Master of the New

Dany Laferrière Master of the New

(p.178) Chapter Four Dany Laferrière Master of the New
Exile and Post-1946 Haitian Literature
Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on Dany Laferrière's postmodern narrative of an attempted reconnection with Haiti, Pays sans chapeau precisely: the book of return. Pays sans chapeau is the final work of his ten-volume ‘American Autobiography’, and is significant in that, unlike Depestre's Hadriana dans tous mes rêves and Ollivier's Passages, its protagonist is able to return, after a long exile, to post-Duvalier Haiti. The chapter therefore deals with the trope of return, and with the reactions of the narrator upon reconnecting with family, home, and culture. It is argued that because he feels less politically and ideologically attached to Haiti, and because emigration in the post-Duvalier era is more a question of choice than of political necessity, Laferrière is able to move fairly freely between Montreal, Miami and Port-au-Prince, without the debilitating weight of any real political or ideological baggage. Laferrière's work therefore marks a further movement away from collective preoccupations and into the individual, idiosyncratic world of the Haitian émigré.

Keywords:   Haiti, Pays sans chapeau, return, exile, Haitian émigré

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