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Faith, Fraternity and FightingThe Orange Order and Irish Migrants in Northern England, c. 1850–1920$
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Donald M. MacRaild

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239390

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313110

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The Meaning and Context of Northern England's Orange Order

The Meaning and Context of Northern England's Orange Order

(p.16) Chapter 1 The Meaning and Context of Northern England's Orange Order
Faith, Fraternity and Fighting
Liverpool University Press

This chapter discusses the meaning and context of the Orange Order in northern England. The Orangemen throughout the north of England and Northern Ireland regularly attempted sponsorship from each other in order to build specific premises, but this was never universally successful. Orangeism was regarded as an expression of simple sectarianism. The core factor of the Order was a very normal coalescence of ordinary men and women, bound together by a series of social, economic, and cultural edifices to structure and strengthen their sense of community. Orangeism was never a wealthy organisation, and could not compete with friendly societies in the field of mutualism, but its members took money matters very seriously. A historic antipathy to Catholics determined some of the most significant factors of the Order. It is shown that the clubbable character of Orangeism cannot obscure its anti-Catholicism.

Keywords:   Orange Order, northern England, Northern Ireland, Orangeism, sectarianism, mutualism, Catholics, anti-Catholicism

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