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Faith, Fraternity and FightingThe Orange Order and Irish Migrants in Northern England, c. 1850–1920$
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Donald M. MacRaild

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239390

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313110

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‘Trunks without Heads’? The Composition of Northern England's Orange Order

‘Trunks without Heads’? The Composition of Northern England's Orange Order

(p.109) Chapter 4 ‘Trunks without Heads’? The Composition of Northern England's Orange Order
Faith, Fraternity and Fighting
Liverpool University Press

This chapter explores the composition of the Orange Order in northern England. The Order clearly crossed the fault lines of class, ethnicity, and nationality, indicating a hybrid of competing impulses and views. Its political position undoubtedly diminished the movement's potential for a primarily class-centred approach to life. Orangeism has been marked as a protector of sectional interests against other working-class groups that reflected broader shifts in culture and attitude as they influenced working-class life. Data has revealed links between the Irish Protestant migration and the maintenance of the Order. In general, Orangeism was a cultural expression of migration. The key to its survival was a community sense derived from relatively strong social homogeneity and shared socio-economic circumstances between members who were newcomers and who often left again as quickly as they had arrived.

Keywords:   Orange Order, Northern England, ethnicity, nationality, class, Orangeism, Irish Protestant migration, social homogeneity

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