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Gladstone Centenary Essays$
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David Bebbington and Roger Swift

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239253

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313202

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Gladstone, Chalmers and the Disruption of the Church of Scotland

Gladstone, Chalmers and the Disruption of the Church of Scotland

(p.10) Gladstone, Chalmers and the Disruption of the Church of Scotland
Gladstone Centenary Essays

Stewart J. Brown

Liverpool University Press

This chapter discusses the connection between Gladstone and Scottish Presbyterian clergyman, Thomas Chalmers. During the mid–1830s, Gladstone and Chalmers were friends and political allies. Chalmers was Britain's leading intellectual advocate of the establishment principle, a clergyman and university professor whose numerous publications argued for the necessity of an established church for social cohesion and harmony. Gladstone had been the rising hope of the Anglican establishment in parliament, a man who had entered politics with the professed aim of advancing church interests. Chalmers had viewed Gladstone as the leading parliamentary supporter of his plans for the co–ordinated defence and extension of the established churches throughout the United Kingdom. Gladstone had advised Chalmers' efforts to secure a parliamentary grant for church building in the Church of Scotland, and served as Chalmer' main channel of communication with the Conservative party leader, Sir Robert Peel.

Keywords:   Thomas Chalmers, establishment principle, Anglican establishment, established churches

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