This chapter describes the operations at Gresford Colliery, in particular the Dennis Section. Parts of the section were less up-to-date compared to others. In the districts known as 20s and 61s coal was still got by hand. Miners descending the Dennis shaft at the start of their shift emerged from the cage at the pit bottom to face a roadway running for 1,000 yards in an easterly direction down a gradient of 1 in 10. This was also the main ‘intake’ road along which air passed on its way into the workings. In 1934, there were about 2,200 men working at Gresford, 1,850 below ground and 350 on the surface. The underground workers were distributed over three shifts, with fewer during the night than on the other two shifts. It was estimated that on the night of Friday/Saturday 21/22 September there were 478 men in the mine.
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