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Habsburg PeruImages, Imagination and Memory$
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Peter T. Bradley and David Cahill

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239147

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313264

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The Inca and the Politics of Nostalgia

The Inca and the Politics of Nostalgia

(p.97) Chapter Nine The Inca and the Politics of Nostalgia
Habsburg Peru
Liverpool University Press

During the last five decades of Spanish colonial rule (c.1770–1824), the Cuzco region became a principal venue for protests, rebellions, and sundry subversive activities in the Viceroyalty of Peru. For royal authorities, Cuzco occupied a central military and political role not only for Peru but also to Spanish South America in general. This view had something to do with the obvious symbolism of the city of Cuzco for indigenous peoples who longed for a return to the supposed Golden Age of the Incario (Tahuantinsuyu). Such nostalgia was related to the notion of utopía andina and sparked a welter of uprisings and conspiracies in search of a leader who would lead the Incas in their struggle against Spain. The disquisition of the Bishop of Cuzco, Juan Manuel Moscoso y Peralta, confirms the hypotheses and concepts introduced by several historians that an underlying ‘Inca Nationalism’ or ‘Andean Utopia’ or ‘colonial Andean Messianism’ existed in colonial and even contemporary Peruvian society and politics.

Keywords:   Cuzco, rebellions, indigenous peoples, utopía andina, Juan Manuel Moscoso y Peralta, disquisition, Incas, Spain, politics

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