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Irish Migrants in Modern Wales$
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Paul O'Leary

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780853238485

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313356

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South Wales, the Coal Trade and the Irish Famine Refugee Crisis

South Wales, the Coal Trade and the Irish Famine Refugee Crisis

(p.9) South Wales, the Coal Trade and the Irish Famine Refugee Crisis
Irish Migrants in Modern Wales

Frank Neal

Liverpool University Press

This chapter, which investigates the shipping patterns between Ireland and south Wales, demonstrates that there was an enormous human and financial cost to the famine migration. It also establishes the evidence concerning the role of the coal trade in facilitating the movement of Irish refugees into south Wales. Then, the chapter discusses the close economic associations that existed between south Wales and Ireland, in particular the ports of south-eastern Ireland, most significantly Cork, Wexford, and Waterford. It is found that the Irish primarily colonised in the burgeoning industrial areas of south Wales, and that the effect of the inflow of Irish famine refugees on south Wales was much greater than can be derived from the number of Irish-born residents recorded in the 1851 census. Many of the Irish coming ashore at the ports of Newport made their way inland to the ironworks and coalmines of the valleys.

Keywords:   shipping patterns, Ireland, south Wales, famine migration, coal trade, Irish refugees, ports, Cork, Wexford, Waterford

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