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Irish, Catholic and ScouseThe History of the Liverpool-Irish, 1800-1940$
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John Belchem

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846311079

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313363

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Extra-Parliamentary Politics: The American Connection

Extra-Parliamentary Politics: The American Connection

Chapter:
(p.157) 6 Extra-Parliamentary Politics: The American Connection
Source:
Irish, Catholic and Scouse
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846313363.008

This chapter reviews the ardent ‘revolutionary’ nationalist politics. Liverpool was the pivot of Irish politics in Britain in the extra-parliamentary politics. Three episodes are presented that demonstrate the critical but changing nature of the American connection in extra-parliamentary politics. The chapter specifically addresses the alternative forms of extra-parliamentary nationalist politics, from the Confederates of 1848 through the Fenians to the Irish Republican Brotherhood. The Confederates were encouraged by the possibility of the arrival of an Irish Brigade from New York, but waited in vain. Liverpool was at the heart of operations for the ‘Irish-Yankee’ officers of the Fenian army, battle-trained in the American Civil War. Confederate conspiracy was depicted as powerless on the eve of the Irish rising. The National Brotherhood of St Patrick offered convenient cover for Fenian advance. Liverpool continued to be significant for the shipment of explosives.

Keywords:   nationalist politics, Liverpool, Britain, Irish politics, extra-parliamentary politics, Confederates of 1848, Fenians, Irish Republican Brotherhood, National Brotherhood

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