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Irish, Catholic and ScouseThe History of the Liverpool-Irish, 1800-1940$
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John Belchem

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846311079

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313363

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

‘Pat-riot-ism’: Sectarian Violence and Public Disorder

‘Pat-riot-ism’: Sectarian Violence and Public Disorder

(p.186) 7 ‘Pat-riot-ism’: Sectarian Violence and Public Disorder
Irish, Catholic and Scouse
Liverpool University Press

This chapter evaluates ‘Pat-riot-ism’, which bothered the local authorities. Efforts were expended on cultural projects of national regeneration. Sectarian violence became an institution in working-class life in Liverpool from the first street procession by the Orange Order in 1819. Inflamed by George Wise, Orangemen took violent exception to the Catholic summer processions of 1909. The resumption of Wise's harangues at St Domingo Pit led to intense sectarian violence, despite the fact that the self-denying ordinance was used by Catholics and the Orange Order's parades decreased. The general transport strike of 1911 highlighted a third and decisive step forward in efforts to attain mass union organisation in Liverpool. Finally, it is shown that the Irish National Party played a leading role in overturning the prejudicial portrayal of the Catholic Irish in Liverpool.

Keywords:   Pat-riot-ism, sectarian violence, Liverpool, Orange Order, George Wise, Catholic Irish, mass union organisation, Irish National Party

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