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Masters of the Ninth ArtBandes dessinees and Franco-Belgian Identity$
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Matthew Screech

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239383

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313530

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(p.202) Conclusion
Masters of the Ninth Art
Liverpool University Press

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered and presents some final thoughts. Between the late colonial period and the turn of the twenty-first century, the ninth art emerged as an integral part of Franco-Belgian culture that is enjoyed by people from all walks of life. The ninth art's cultural contribution is officially recognised; bande dessinée museums and festivals exist in Brussels and in Angoulême, partly funded by the Belgian and French governments. The contributions of various artists are also discussed.

Keywords:   bande dessinée, France, Belgium, ninth art, Franco-Belgian culture

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