This chapter summarizes the main themes covered and presents some final thoughts. Between the late colonial period and the turn of the twenty-first century, the ninth art emerged as an integral part of Franco-Belgian culture that is enjoyed by people from all walks of life. The ninth art's cultural contribution is officially recognised; bande dessinée museums and festivals exist in Brussels and in Angoulême, partly funded by the Belgian and French governments. The contributions of various artists are also discussed.
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