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Masters of the Ninth ArtBandes dessinees and Franco-Belgian Identity$
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Matthew Screech

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239383

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313530

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Conclusion

Conclusion

Chapter:
(p.202) Conclusion
Source:
Masters of the Ninth Art
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780853239383.003.0009

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered and presents some final thoughts. Between the late colonial period and the turn of the twenty-first century, the ninth art emerged as an integral part of Franco-Belgian culture that is enjoyed by people from all walks of life. The ninth art's cultural contribution is officially recognised; bande dessinée museums and festivals exist in Brussels and in Angoulême, partly funded by the Belgian and French governments. The contributions of various artists are also discussed.

Keywords:   bande dessinée, France, Belgium, ninth art, Franco-Belgian culture

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