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Monstrous AdversaryThe Life of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford$
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Alan H. Nelson

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780853236788

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313592

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36 Alienations
Monstrous Adversary
Liverpool University Press

This chapter details the decline of Oxford's earldom. At their peak Oxford's estates in Essex, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Warwickshire, and Buckinghamshire alone yielded a total of 857 separate annual rents. However, between 1562 and 1604, income from the earldom's estates fell from £3500 to £20. With a declining income, Oxford fell increasingly into debt: in 1571, £3500; in 1573, £6000; in 1575, £9000; in 1576, £12,000; in the mid–1580s, £11,000 to the Queen alone; by the 1590s, £21,000 to the Queen alone. By 1592 the Oxford estates were no more.

Keywords:   annual rents, earldom, income, Oxford estates

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