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The Political Trajectory of J. T. Murphy$
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Ralph Darlington

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780853237334

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313813

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The Communist Party and the Labour Movement, 1920–1926

The Communist Party and the Labour Movement, 1920–1926

Chapter:
(p.87) Chapter Four The Communist Party and the Labour Movement, 1920–1926
Source:
The Political Trajectory of J. T. Murphy
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846313813.006

In December 1920, J. T. Murphy returned to Britain after attending the Second Congress of the Comintern in Russia. While in London, he paid a visit to his ex-girlfriend Ethel Morris, who had been actively involved in the pre-war suffragette campaign as the organiser of the Sheffield branch of the Women's Social and Political Union. In the late spring of 1922, Murphy moved to London with Morris, who was already his wife. This chapter examines Murphy's involvement with the Red International of Labour Unions, his influential role directing the British Communist Party's industrial work, and his relationship with the Labour Party. It also looks at his approach towards the ‘Bolshevisation’ of the Labour Party in 1923–1924 as well as his attitude towards the Trades Union Congress General Council and the ‘left’ union leaders prior to the 1926 General Strike. In addition, it discusses the influence of the Comintern on both Murphy and the Communist Party of Great Britain.

Keywords:   J. T. Murphy, Britain, Ethel Morris, Red International of Labour Unions, Communist Party of Great Britain, Labour Party, Trades Union Congress, Bolshevisation, Comintern, General Strike

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