J. T. Murphy died of a cerebral haemorrhage on May 13, 1965 at the age of seventy-six. In his lifetime, he had been only one of a generation of autodidact Marxists in early twentieth-century Britain. An extraordinary worker-intellectual, Murphy combined an avid theoretical enquiry with a long-standing commitment to the working-class movement. He was a leading figure in the fight against capitalism and his political trajectory, characterised by his transition from syndicalism to communism, from left reformism to popular frontism to anti-Marxism, mirrors some of the strengths and weaknesses of the British revolutionary left. Undoubtedly, Murphy's primary legacy was his formulation of revolutionary strategy and tactics within the trade unions. This chapter discusses some of the main general themes related to Murphy's life and politics.
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