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The Protestant Ethic DebateMax Weber's Replies to His Critics, 1907-1910$
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David Chalcraft and Austin Harrington

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780853239765

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846313868

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Weber's First Reply to Karl Fischer, 1907

Weber's First Reply to Karl Fischer, 1907

From the Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, vol. 25, pp. 243–49

(p.31) Chapter 2 Weber's First Reply to Karl Fischer, 1907
The Protestant Ethic Debate
Liverpool University Press

This chapter contains Weber's response to Fischer's review of The Protestant Ethic in 1907. Referred to as ‘his critic’, Weber refutes Fischer's arguments regarding ‘calling’ and his psychological explanation for the rise of a capitalist attitude. Per Weber, he affirms the contrasting view of Jacob Fugger and Benjamin Franklin in the concept of ‘the spirit’, in which Fischer claims that Weber viewed them as equal. Also, Weber contested on Fischer's claims that Weber believes that the Reformation created a capitalist spirit which was a factor to the concept of ‘the calling’. In the psychological explanation, Weber argues that Fischer's theory of the emergence of the capitalist attitude for psychological reasons is flawed due to the historical realities that debunk it, and if the theories do fit, according to Weber, he simply does not care.

Keywords:   calling, Jacob Fugger, Benjamin Franklin, the spirit, capitalist attitude, psychology

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