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South American IndependenceGender, Politics, Text$
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Catherine Davies, Claire Brewster, and Hilary Owen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310270

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846314117

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Women, War and Spanish American Independence

Women, War and Spanish American Independence

Chapter:
(p.131) Chapter Six Women, War and Spanish American Independence
Source:
South American Independence
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781846310270.003.0006

Warfare in South America has long involved women, from María de Estrada to Catalina de Erauso. This chapter explores how women inscribed gender and conceptualised sexual difference in their works, as well as the kind of dialogue that they initiated with the canonical texts and gender doxa. It first considers the role of women in late colonial rebellions in South America, focusing on the impact of the Spanish American Wars of Independence on women and gender, before analysing a selection of women's literature, both published and unpublished. The chapter then discusses the ways in which women from different social classes contributed to the independence cause and how they were perceived by some of the leading male protagonists of independence, such as Manuel Belgrano. It also examines José de San Martín's Orden del Sol, women patriots of Nueva Granada (present-day Colombia), and the description of women using the term ciudadanía in Venezuela.

Keywords:   South America, women, gender, independence, Wars of Independence, ciudadanía, women's literature, de San Martín, Manuel Belgrano, rebellions

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