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The Vaccination ControversyThe Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox$
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Stanley Williamson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310867

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846314216

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

The Byzantine Operation

The Byzantine Operation

Chapter:
(p.3) Chapter 1 The Byzantine Operation
Source:
The Vaccination Controversy
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846314216.001

In 1717, Edward Wortley Montagu, newly appointed Ambassador Extraordinary to the Sublime Porte, settled in Adrianople, Turkey, along his wife, Lady Mary, and their three-year-old son, Edward junior. This chapter presents a letter written by Lady Mary to her friend Sarah Chiswell, describing a Byzantine operation called ingrafting. The goal of the procedure was to deliberately infect the individual with the attenuated form of smallpox, thus protecting them thereafter from the ‘natural’ disease. Lady Mary opted to have the procedure done on Edward junior, which had a favourable outcome.

Keywords:   smallpox, ingrafting, Turkey, inoculation, vaccination, disease, prevention

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