Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Vaccination ControversyThe Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Stanley Williamson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310867

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846314216

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

The Byzantine Operation

The Byzantine Operation

(p.3) Chapter 1 The Byzantine Operation
The Vaccination Controversy
Liverpool University Press

In 1717, Edward Wortley Montagu, newly appointed Ambassador Extraordinary to the Sublime Porte, settled in Adrianople, Turkey, along his wife, Lady Mary, and their three-year-old son, Edward junior. This chapter presents a letter written by Lady Mary to her friend Sarah Chiswell, describing a Byzantine operation called ingrafting. The goal of the procedure was to deliberately infect the individual with the attenuated form of smallpox, thus protecting them thereafter from the ‘natural’ disease. Lady Mary opted to have the procedure done on Edward junior, which had a favourable outcome.

Keywords:   smallpox, ingrafting, Turkey, inoculation, vaccination, disease, prevention

Liverpool Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.