Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Vaccination ControversyThe Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Stanley Williamson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310867

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846314216

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Toties Quoties

Toties Quoties

(p.155) Chapter 12 Toties Quoties
The Vaccination Controversy
Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on the law on compulsory vaccination, specifically the interpretation of the phrase ‘at any time’. In January 1864 William Stafford, a shoemaker living in Margate, had in the previous year been fined 2s. 6d., with 9s. costs, for failing to have his child vaccinated and had still not complied with the law. The local sub-registrar, Charles Pilcher launched a second prosecution in respect of the same child, submitting that the words ‘at any time’ must be construed to mean that a parent could be convicted again and again until he obeyed the law. Stafford countered with the claim that he had paid one penalty and could not be prosecuted a second time.

Keywords:   compulsory vaccination, public health, health policy, repeated prosecution, English law

Liverpool Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.