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The Vaccination ControversyThe Rise, Reign and Fall of Compulsory Vaccination for Smallpox$
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Stanley Williamson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781846310867

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846314216

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

The Small Pockes

The Small Pockes

Chapter:
(p.8) Chapter 2 The Small Pockes
Source:
The Vaccination Controversy
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846314216.002

This chapter begins by attempting to trace the origins of smallpox. Smallpox emerged as a disease of some species of animal in Africa in prehistoric times, was somehow transferred to human beings, and eventually found a route to the Far East. Its early incursion into Europe was marked by alleged sightings for which reliable confirmation is mostly lacking. It was held at one time that smallpox may have been brought to Western Europe by crusaders returning from the Holy Land, but this assertion lacks reliable confirmation. The first officially recorded case of smallpox in England was on 22 November 1561. The chapter also reviews various accounts of what kind of disease smallpox was, how it manifested itself, the steps taken to control it, and how it acquired the capacity to elicit horror.

Keywords:   smallpox, disease, England, treatment

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