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War, Government and Power in Late Medieval France$
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Christopher Allmand

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780853236955

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846314421

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Centre and Periphery in Late Medieval: France: Tournai, 1384–14771

Centre and Periphery in Late Medieval: France: Tournai, 1384–14771

Chapter:
(p.145) 9 Centre and Periphery in Late Medieval: France: Tournai, 1384–14771
Source:
War, Government and Power in Late Medieval France
Author(s):

Graeme Small

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780853236955.003.0009

The ancient city of Tournai had a greater population than that of most important regional centres in France during the later medieval period. Ideally positioned on the regional river system, it was an attractive venue for biannual fairs that made it an important commercial centre for royal communities to the south and south west, and also had relations to the north and north east within Europe's so-called second ‘zone of high urban potential’. Drawing on the work of Peter Lewis regarding centre and periphery, this chapter explores city–state relations in later medieval France based on Tournai's experience. It examines whether Tournai should be considered an ‘exception communale’ (‘exception among communes’) that more closely resembled the free cities of Lombardy and the German Empire rather than other bonnes villes of France which seemed to be tightly bound to the monarchy.

Keywords:   Tournai, France, Peter Lewis, centre, periphery, city–state relations, communes, bonnes villes, free cities, monarchy

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