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Black 1919Riots, Racism and Resistance in Imperial Britain$
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Jacqueline Jenkinson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781846312007

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846315138

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Who were the rioters?

Who were the rioters?

(p.103) Chapter 3 Who were the rioters?
Black 1919
Liverpool University Press

This chapter investigates the make-up of the rioting crowds, including analysis of the gender, ages, birthplaces and occupations of rioters and others linked with the riotous outbreaks, and also examines the job competition and attitudes towards links between black and white people. Fourteen black and white women were named among the rioters and related persons influenced in some way by the seaport rioting. There were 155 male black and Arab rioters, and 80 male white rioters. White rioters came from a range of unskilled urban occupations and were not predominantly seafarers. It is also shown that certain members of the white crowds were well prepared to escalate trouble whenever it erupted. The sentencing procedure exhibited that black male rioters were more likely to be imprisoned than their white male counterparts.

Keywords:   seaport rioting, gender, ages, birthplaces, occupations, rioters, sentencing procedure

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