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Domains and Divisions of European History$
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Johann P. Arnason and Natalie Doyle

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846312144

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846315251

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 12 July 2020

‘Norden’ as a European Region: Demarcation and Belonging

‘Norden’ as a European Region: Demarcation and Belonging

(p.198) Chapter 12 ‘Norden’ as a European Region: Demarcation and Belonging
Domains and Divisions of European History

Bo Stråth

Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on the emergence of ‘Norden’ (which includes the Scandinavian countries Sweden, Norway, and Denmark plus Iceland and Finland) as a European region from the first half of the nineteenth century onwards. It argues that Nordic identification is based on the same external pressures responsible for the canalisation of the language of modernity. Both external and domestic pressures during the 1930s created a distinct profile of Europe and Norden in relation to the debates about how to deal with the Great Depression and the conflict unfolding in Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany. Nineteenth-century ‘Scandinavianism’ failed to achieve its stated goals, particularly regional unification, but nevertheless played an important role in the more gradual demarcation of the region.

Keywords:   Norden, Europe, Great Depression, Scandinavianism, regional unification, demarcation, Russia, Germany, Scandinavian countries, modernity

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