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Shaping BeliefCulture, Politics, and Religion in Nineteenth-Century Writing$
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Victoria Morgan and Clare Williams

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781846311369

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846315688

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‘Recognizing Fellow-Creatures’: F.D. Maurice, Octavia Hill, Josephine Butler

‘Recognizing Fellow-Creatures’: F.D. Maurice, Octavia Hill, Josephine Butler

(p.21) 2. ‘Recognizing Fellow-Creatures’: F.D. Maurice, Octavia Hill, Josephine Butler
Shaping Belief
Hester Jones
Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines the attempt to bring together faith and society in Britain during the late nineteenth century, focusing on the work of Christian theologian F. D. Maurice and its influence on Christian social reformers Octavia Hill and Josephine Butler. It considers the role of the theological idea of kenosis, or the understanding of divine self–emptying, in the incarnation of Christ and its relation to the question of social reform and engagement. It also explores the theological basis of Maurice's emphasis on the mutually responsive work of the Spirit, which is often located in divine and human friendship, and how it offers a vocabulary of reciprocity, mutuality, and even equality in relating between people regardless of class, gender, or religion.

Keywords:   F. D. Maurice, Octavia Hill, Josephine Butler, kenosis, faith, society, social reform, friendship, reciprocity, mutuality

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