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Invisible MenThe Secret Lives of Police Constables in Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham, 1900-1939$
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Joanne Klein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846312359

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316104

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Conclusion

Conclusion

Chapter:
(p.310) Conclusion
Source:
Invisible Men
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846316104.012

In Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool, the prospects for a constable joining the police force in the 1930s were very different from those back in the 1900s. The 1900s recruit was more likely to quit within three years than the 1930s recruit. Although busier, a 1930s constable often broke fewer regulations than his 1900s counterpart as policing became a more stable occupation and working-class drinking declined. Postwar police constables got into less trouble, but the paradoxical coexistence of internal camaraderie and factions persisted. The 1919 Police Act had a huge impact on the role of the prewar policemen but it was this Act that differentiated them most from their postwar counterparts. Constables generally exercised caution in their treatment of women. More constables stayed until retirement after the war both due to better discipline and the 1919 Police Act improvements.

Keywords:   Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, police constables, women, 1919 Police Act, retirement, factions, camaraderie, policing

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