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Invisible MenThe Secret Lives of Police Constables in Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham, 1900-1939$
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Joanne Klein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846312359

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316104

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The Police and the Public: Women

The Police and the Public: Women

Chapter:
(p.222) 8 The Police and the Public: Women
Source:
Invisible Men
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846316104.009

In the early twentienth century, police constables in Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool had both friendly and testy relationships with civilians, including women. Women was a major source of strain between the strong male culture cultivated in the police force which reinforced working-class male chauvinism and force expectations that men behave with the utmost civility. Contact with women was discouraged because the police image was particularly vulnerable when it came to how women were treated by constables. While constables were punished for any violence towards the public, stiff penalties awaited those who committed sexual misconduct and even minor verbal and physical offences against women, such as asking for or giving unwelcome kisses.

Keywords:   Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, police constables, women, public, civilians, policemen, sexual misconduct

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