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The Reinvention of MexicoNational Ideology in a Neoliberal Era$
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Gavin O'Toole

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846314858

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316296

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

From Nation-Building to Crisis

From Nation-Building to Crisis

(p.23) Chapter One From Nation-Building to Crisis
The Reinvention of Mexico
Liverpool University Press

In Mexico, nationalism has occupied a central role in nation-building as well as in state-building projects of liberal elites. This doctrine evolved in a tense relationship with the economic liberalism advocated by those same elites to address inequality in society. The extent to which national identity can be seen as a justification imagined by elites to bring about socio-political change is a crucial issue. The evolution of nationalist arguments in Mexico in the thirty years before the outbreak of the Revolution could be linked in part to the processes of economic modernisation inspired by liberal ideas at that time. Article 27 of the Mexican Constitution can be considered a nation-building charter that promotes social justice as the basis of this nation-building philosophy. This chapter examines the character of Mexican nationalism in the context of nation-building and state-building, the relationship between nation-building and economic liberalism, consensus and nationality, and the emergence of a deep economic crisis and political polarisation in the country.

Keywords:   Mexico, nationalism, nation-building, state-building, economic crisis, economic liberalism, nationality, Article 27, Constitution, social justice

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