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The Reinvention of MexicoNational Ideology in a Neoliberal Era$
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Gavin O'Toole

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846314858

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316296

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

New Nationalism and Social Liberalism

New Nationalism and Social Liberalism

Chapter:
(p.43) Chapter Two New Nationalism and Social Liberalism
Source:
The Reinvention of Mexico
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846316296.004

This chapter explores a crucial issue raised by the state reform that took place in Mexico under the neoliberalist administration of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari: whether nationalism remained a functional legitimising doctrine in national politics during the period. It first looks at how nationalism was employed as a political philosophy by Salinas, his government, and the Partido Revolucionario Institucional during his sexenio. The chapter shows that nationalism remained a key political tool for Salinas despite his state reform efforts anchored on neoliberalism, confirming the long-standing relationship between nationalism and state-building in Mexico. However, Salinas reformulated the legitimising formula by combining a ‘new nationalism’ with ‘social liberalism’ that is reminiscent of the patriotic liberalism of the nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Mexico, neoliberalism, Carlos Salinas, nationalism, national politics, Partido Revolucionario Institucional, state reform, new nationalism, social liberalism, state-building

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