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The Reinvention of MexicoNational Ideology in a Neoliberal Era$
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Gavin O'Toole

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846314858

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316296

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

The Reform of Article 27

The Reform of Article 27

(p.75) Chapter Three The Reform of Article 27
The Reinvention of Mexico
Liverpool University Press

The reforms made in 1991–1992 to Article 27 of the Constitution, considered Mexico's nation-building charter, gave rise to a conflict between liberalism and nationalism at the individual level. The debate surrounding the reforms converged around the themes of property ownership and social inclusion. The government envisioned the reforms in terms of social inclusion whereby lost citizenship rights would be restored to the campesino. President Carlos Salinas de Gortari attempted to reconcile these property forms in the tradition of social liberalism and shift the equilibrium between them further towards individual rights. Salinismo allayed the traditional fear of rural unrest sparked by unequal access to property and the accompanying belief that the state's ability to maintain stability through redistributive policies conferred legitimacy.

Keywords:   Mexico, reforms, Article 27, Constitution, Carlos Salinas, liberalism, nationalism, property ownership, citizenship, social inclusion

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