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The Reinvention of MexicoNational Ideology in a Neoliberal Era$
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Gavin O'Toole

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846314858

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316296

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Free Trade

Free Trade

Chapter:
(p.103) Chapter Four Free Trade
Source:
The Reinvention of Mexico
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846316296.006

The government of Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari espoused discourses on free trade whereby tensions between liberalism and nation-building occurred at the level of sovereignty, integrating the concept of national sovereignty with that of free trade and redefining it in a way that enabled Mexico to fully participate in a global economy. The Salinas administration believed that the country could not separate external factors from internal change, and that it must take into account the pressing demands of a new global order in implementing internal state reform. In rejecting extreme liberal positions which saw in globalisation an end to nation-states, Salinas forcefully argued that Mexico's survival would be contingent on its ability to compete in the world economy. This approach was consistent with his desire to compromise the traditional defence of sovereignty through measures inherent in revolutionary nationalism, including protectionism. Salinas saw the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as a means to become a player in the global economy.

Keywords:   Mexico, Carlos Salinas, free trade, liberalism, nation-building, sovereignty, globalisation, protectionism, NAFTA, state reform

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