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The Reinvention of MexicoNational Ideology in a Neoliberal Era$
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Gavin O'Toole

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846314858

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316296

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The Intellectual Reassessment of National Ideology

The Intellectual Reassessment of National Ideology

(p.133) Chapter Five The Intellectual Reassessment of National Ideology
The Reinvention of Mexico
Liverpool University Press

In addition to the state and the Partido Revolucionario Institucional, Mexico's intellectuals across the political spectrum also reassessed nationalism during the administration of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. This intellectual reassessment was fuelled in large part by a desire to understand the implications of modernisation for the national idea and to discern the features of the new society that it would create. As part of this reassessment, the intellectuals adopted a newly critical approach to the previously dominant doctrines of national ideology, which had a role in the transforming intellectual life that resulted in a paradigm shift. Deliberations on free trade with the United States provided an opportunity to look at the need to reconcile autonomy and internationalism before embarking on globalisation. The rebellion launched by the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional in 1994 in the southern state of Chiapas reinforced the preoccupations about governability that had been integral to Salinas's perspective.

Keywords:   Partido Revolucionario Institucional, Mexico, intellectuals, nationalism, Carlos Salinas, modernisation, globalisation, rebellion, national ideology, autonomy

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