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The Reinvention of MexicoNational Ideology in a Neoliberal Era$
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Gavin O'Toole

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846314858

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316296

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Nationalism and the Left: The PRD

Nationalism and the Left: The PRD

(p.165) Chapter Six Nationalism and the Left: The PRD
The Reinvention of Mexico
Liverpool University Press

Under the Salinas regime, a democratic left that was also searching for a new legitimising doctrine emerged in Mexico. The left posed a major challenge to the ruling Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI), which also had to deal with the return of the struggle against inequality of political liberalism as well as the nation-building discourse that essentially defined revolutionary nationalism. However, the Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD), the main left-wing party during the period, lacked ideological unity owing to its own composition as a fragile coalition between revolutionary nationalism and socialism, and, as a result, found it difficult to develop a coherent formula of national citizenship. Its ideological formation was defined by statism, anti-imperialism, and democracy. The PRD envisioned a broad social pact mediated by a powerful state that necessitated a return to notions of nationality based upon limited individualism – a doctrine which seemed to be in conflict with the notion of citizenship espoused by the liberal democratic discourse of universal individual rights that it had favoured in its efforts to fight PRI's authoritarianism.

Keywords:   Mexico, left, Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRD, nationalism, socialism, citizenship, statism, anti-imperialism, democracy

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