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The Reinvention of MexicoNational Ideology in a Neoliberal Era$
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Gavin O'Toole

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781846314858

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316296

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Nationalism and the Right: The PAN

Nationalism and the Right: The PAN

(p.197) Chapter Seven Nationalism and the Right: The PAN
The Reinvention of Mexico
Liverpool University Press

The Partido Acción Nacional (PAN), the leading conservative opposition party in Mexico, represented the right, which, like the left-wing Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD), also searched for a new legitimising doctrine during the Salinas administration. It modified its discourse based on individualising trends in the country's political culture associated with a new civil society. During the period, the PAN articulated a new vision called ‘neopanismo’ whereby the party would embark on a national expansion dominated by businessmen and mirroring liberal democratic concerns. This vision rejected a traditional idea of nationality in favor of a more materialist conception of legitimacy based on the liberal preoccupation with individualism and social stability. Neopanismo emphasised the freedom, universal human rights, and social pluralism that have been associated with democratic change in Mexico. The PAN advocated for the decentralisation of power, which was a reflection of its deep hostility to centralising statism and the tension that had been in place since the separation of the Church and the secular state.

Keywords:   Partido Acción Nacional, Mexico, neopanismo, individualism, nationality, legitimacy, social stability, statism, human rights, pluralism

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