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The German-Jewish Soldiers of the First World War in History and Memory$
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Tim Grady

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781846316609

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846316746

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Discovering: War Victims, War Crimes and Reconstruction, 1945–60

Discovering: War Victims, War Crimes and Reconstruction, 1945–60

Chapter:
(p.158) 5 Discovering: War Victims, War Crimes and Reconstruction, 1945–60
Source:
The German-Jewish Soldiers of the First World War in History and Memory
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846316746.006

Six years of violence and genocide during World War II claimed the lives of almost six million European Jews, who were brutally murdered as part of Nazi Germany's racial cleansing. Germany became a devastated and shattered nation after the war. By the late 1950s, however, it had witnessed a booming economy highlighted by the introduction of a comprehensive social security system, pensions, and paid holidays. Yet this process of economic, social, and political reconstruction focused less on the victims of Nazism and more on the German soldiers who died in the conflict or on the German civilians who were killed by Allied bombardment. This chapter shows that amid the ruins of post-war Germany, signs of German Jews' military service in World War I remained visible, for example on local war memorials. These memorials not only helped ensure some public recognition of the Jewish soldiers, but also played an important role in shaping the memory of war and genocide in German society.

Keywords:   World War II, German Jews, World War I, Jewish soldiers, genocide, war memorials, Nazism, Germany, reconstruction

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