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The Liverpool UnderworldCrime in the City, 1750-1900$
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Michael Macilwee

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781846316999

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317064

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Children and Women in the Justice System

Children and Women in the Justice System

(p.44) Four Children and Women in the Justice System
The Liverpool Underworld
Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines the punishment of women and children under the justice system in Liverpool during the nineteenth century. It discusses the creation of reformatories and industrial schools for child offenders, and the transportation of these children to other countries. It explains that it was only in 1838 that young prisoners were separated from adult felons. This chapter also describes prison discipline for women and child offenders and highlights the high rate of re–offending or recidivism.

Keywords:   women offenders, child offenders, justice system, reformatories, industrial schools, transportation, prison discipline, recidivism

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